Define important thermodynamic concepts, such as thermodynamic system, thermodynamic process, cycle, heat, work 2-State the four fundamental laws of thermodynamics 3. Apply first law of thermodynamics to closed and open systems and develop relevant equations 4. Introduce and define thermodynamic properties such as internal energy and enthalpy 5. Discuss the importance of second law of thermodynamics and state Carnot theorems 6-Obtain expressions for Carnot efficiency of heat engine, refrigerator and heat pump 8. State Clausius inequality and introduce the property ‘entropy’ 9-Chemical equilibrium