Topic outline

  • Topic 1

    the goal of the the lecture is to have all students develop a comprehensive approach to the evaluation and care of animals.  Duringthecourse, students s will continue to improve the ability to obtain, record, analyze and communicate clinical information.  Identify the key subjective and objective components of the patient data base gatheredin the encounter: patient identification, history of present illness, active medical problems, past medical history, medications and physical exam findings, Management and environmental history. Uponcompletingthiscourse, studentswillbe abletodemonstratecompetencyin thefollowingareas; 

      to,whenappropriate, focusthehistoryandphysicalexamtothepatient'sactiveissues 

      to use information from the history, physical examination and initial laboratory data to create a problem lists

      to record in writing, and present orally, the results of the complete history and physical examination (includingassessmentandplan) in a systematic, concise and coherent manner 


  • restraint and handling techniques

    Proper restraint and handling techniques are essential for reducingstressto animals.  This lecture describes each procedure to achieve safe restraint in dogs, cats, goats, equine, mice, rats.

  • systematic clinical examination

    Clinical examination is a fundamental part of the process of veterinary diagnosis. Without a proficient clinical examination and an accurate diagnosis it is unlikely that the treatment, control, prognosis and welfare of animals will be optimised. this course provide a simple, explicit and reliable method of examining cattle, sheep, pigs and goats of all ages in the search for diagnostic information

  • Body Temperature

    How to take the body temperature of animals

    Normal Body Temperatures of animals
    Hyperthermia

    True fever
    Classification of Hyperthermia
  • Clinical Examination of the Lymph Nodes

    Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Lymphatic System
    Clinical Examination of the Lymph Nodes
    •İnspection
    •Palpation

    Lymph Node Biopsy

  • CARDIAC EXAMINATION-1

    CARDIAC EXAMINATION 

    •Abdominal distention 
    •Tachypnea
    •Dyspnea
    •Coughing
    •Orthopneic

    EVALUATING THE HEAD AND NECK

    mucous membranes: natural shiny, pink colour, pale/white, yellow(icteric), redor purple/blue. 

    causes of cyanosis involving the circulatory system

    Methemoglobin


  • CARDIAC EXAMINATION-II


    •Abdominal distention 
    •Tachypnea
    •Dyspnea
    •Coughing
    •Orthopneic

    EVALUATING THE HEAD AND NECK

    mucous membranes: natural shiny, pink colour, pale/white, yellow(icteric), redor purple/blue. 

    causes of cyanosis involving the circulatory system

    Methemoglobin


  • EVALUATING THE THORAX

    Pulmonary auscultation 

    Normal respiratory rates

    Lung sound classification 
    Cardiac Auscultation
    Arrhythmias

  • Examination of the GI Tract

    Examination of oral cavity and associated organs (lips, teeth, tongue, andsalivaryglands), the esophagus, the forestomachs (reticulum, rumen, omasum) of ruminants and the true stomach in all species, the small intestine, the liver, the exocrine pancreas, the large intestine, and the rectum and anus

  • Examination of digestive system

    Examination of oral cavity and associated organs (lips, teeth, tongue, andsalivaryglands), the esophagus, the forestomachs (reticulum, rumen, omasum) of ruminants and the true stomach in all species, the small intestine, the liver, the exocrine pancreas, the large intestine, and the rectum and anus

  • Laboratory Procedures for Skin Diseases

    Laboratory Procedures for Skin Diseases
    Skin Scrapings

    Combing of the Hair Coat

    Examination of Hairs
    Cytology
    Fungal Cultures

    Bacterial Cultures

    Biopsy





  • Reptiles: Performing a Physical Examination

    Reptiles: Performing a Physical Examination
    Obtaining Heart and Respiratory Rates
    Normal Physiologic Values

    Assessing Dehydration

    Diagnostic Testing



  • Avian Physical Exam

    the basic avian physical examination should be an extensive, thorough procedure. A wide array of diseases and conditions can be detected during the examination. A flow sheet or checklist should be instituted to maintain consistency and cover all aspects of the history and physical examination